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USDA Data

A collection/archive of USDA Report data and our post-report comments.

September 2021 USDA Supply & Demand and Crop Production

USDA numbers not as big as feared

Crop prices initially broke lower following the USDA reports but found waiting buyers and were soon trading higher on the day, posting a reversal at this juncture. This might have been the low day of this price valley. The hurricane damage brought all the bears out of the woodwork, and they had already pressed prices down far enough.

The USDA report pegged the national corn yield at 176.3 bushels per acre, up half a bushel from the average trade estimate and 1.7 bushel per acre higher than last month. The USDA forecast national corn production at 14.996 billion bushels, up about 150 million bushels from the average trade guess and 250 million bushels above last month.

Corn ending stocks were estimated at 1.408 billion bushels on August 31, 2022. Some might want to make a big deal out of the carryover increasing over 1.4 billion bushels, but we expect demand to be larger than this latest USDA estimate, which was up 150 million bushels from last month.

The USDA’s bean yield was 50.6 bushels per acre, up 0.3 bushels from trade estimates and 0.6 bushels from last month’s report. Soybean production was pegged at 4.375 billion bushels, up 21 million bushels from the average trade estimate and 35 million bushels bigger than last month.

Soybean ending stocks were estimated at 185 million bushels for 2021-22. Traders expected stocks to be 5 million bushels larger. The USDA increased their bean ending stocks estimate 30 million bushels over last month.

The USDA did not change its U.S. wheat production estimate. U.S. wheat ending stocks were decreased 12 million bushels.

Click here to download the USDA’s Agricultural Statistics Board Briefing. This contains many great charts and graphs to help you understand how the USDA reached their conclusions.

Click here to download the full WASDE report.

Click here to download the full Crop Production report.

Source: USDA, StoneX, Reuters

USDA Summary Text and Tables

Corn production for grain is forecast at 15.0 billion bushels, up 2 percent from the previous forecast and up 6 percent from 2020. Based on conditions as of September 1, yields are expected to average 176.3 bushels per harvested acre, up 1.7 bushels from the previous forecast and up 4.3 bushels from last year. Acreage updates were made in several States based on a thorough review of all available data. Total planted area, at 93.3 million acres, is up 1 percent from the previous estimate, and up 3 percent from the previous year. Area harvested for grain is forecast at 85.1 million acres, up 1 percent from the previous forecast and up 3 percent from the previous year.

Soybean production for beans is forecast at 4.37 billion bushels, up 1 percent from the previous forecast and up 6 percent from 2020. Based on conditions as of September 1, yields are expected to average 50.6 bushels per harvested acre, up 0.6 bushel from the previous forecast and up 0.4 bushel from 2020. Total planted area, at 87.2 million acres, is down less than 1 percent from the previous estimate but up 5 percent from the previous year. Area harvested for beans in the United States is forecast at 86.4 million acres, down less than 1 percent from the previous forecast but up 5 percent from 2020. Acreage updates were made in several States based on a thorough review of all available data.

The outlook for 2021/22 U.S. wheat this month is for reduced supplies, slightly higher domestic use, unchanged exports, and decreased ending stocks. Supplies are reduced as imports are lowered 10 million bushels to 135 million on the import pace. Food use is raised 2 million bushels to 964 million, reflecting an upward revision of 2020/21 food use. Exports are unchanged at 875 million bushels but there are offsetting by-class changes. Projected 2021/22 ending stocks are reduced 12 million bushels to 615 million and are 27 percent below last year and the lowest in eight years. The projected 2021/22 season-average farm price is lowered $0.10 per bushel to $6.60 on reported NASS prices to date and price expectations for the remainder of 2021/22.

 

August 2021 USDA Supply & Demand and Crop Production

USDA delivers bullish reports

As soon as the USDA numbers were released today, prices spiked higher. Nearly all crop production estimates and stocks tightened, and the USDA raised its price forecasts. Look for the Sell Signals in winter wheat to continue and new Sell Signals in Minneapolis wheat and corn tomorrow.

We believe you should use these upcoming Sell Signals on corn (and possibly beans) to get the inventory sold that you can’t store. Wheat producers continue to maintain 30-60 days’ cash flow needs.

Here is what the USDA said about the reports today:

OILSEEDS: U.S. soybean supply and use changes for 2021/22 include higher beginning stocks and lower production, crush, and exports. Beginning soybean stocks are raised on lower 2020/21 crush and exports.

Soybean production for 2021/22 is forecast at 4.34 billion bushels, down 66 million on lower yields. Harvested area is forecast at 86.7 million acres, unchanged from July. The first survey-based soybean yield forecast of 50.0 bushels per acre is reduced 0.8 bushels from last month. Traders expected the average yield to be down 0.4 bushels per acre.

Soybean supplies for 2020/21 are projected at 4.5 billion bushels, down 3 percent from last year. Soybean crush is reduced 20 million bushels on a lower domestic soybean meal disappearance forecast which is reduced in line with the prior year, and lower soybean meal exports. With soybean exports down 20 million bushels on lower supplies, ending stocks are forecast at 155 million bushels, unchanged from last month.

The U.S. season-average soybean price for 2021/22 is forecast at $13.70 per bushel, unchanged from last month. The soybean meal price is forecast at $385 per short ton, down 10 dollars. The soybean oil price forecast is unchanged at 65.0 cents per pound.

COARSE GRAINS: This month’s 2021/22 U.S. corn outlook is for lower supplies, reduced feed and residual use, increased food, seed, and industrial use, lower exports, and smaller ending stocks. Projected beginning stocks for 2021/22 are 35 million bushels higher based on a lower use forecast for 2020/21. Reduced exports are partially offset by greater corn used for ethanol, starch, and glucose and dextrose.

Corn production for 2021/22 is forecast at 14.8 billion WASDE-615-2 bushels, down 415 million from the July projection. The season’s first survey-based corn yield forecast, at 174.6 bushels per acre, is 4.9 bushels below last month’s trend-based projection. Traders expected a 1.9 bushel reduction.

Among the major producing states, today’s Crop Production report indicates that record-high yields are expected in Illinois, Indiana, and Ohio. In contrast, yields in Minnesota and South Dakota are forecast below a year ago.

Total U.S. corn use for 2021/22 is down 190 million bushels to 14.7 billion. Feed and residual use is down 100 million bushels based mostly on a smaller crop and higher expected prices. Corn used for glucose and dextrose and starch is projected higher based on observed use during 2020/21.

Exports for 2021/22 are lowered 100 million bushels to 2.4 billion. With supply falling more than use, ending stocks are down 190 million bushels to 1.2 billion. The season-average corn price received by producers is raised 15 cents to $5.75 per bushel.

WHEAT: The outlook for 2021/22 U.S. wheat this month is for reduced supplies, lower domestic use, unchanged exports, and decreased ending stocks.

The NASS Crop Production report forecast all wheat production at 1,697 million bushels, down 49 million from the previous forecast. Most of the reduction is in Hard Red Winter and Soft White Winter. The all wheat yield is forecast at 44.5 bushels per acre, down 1.3 bushels from the previous forecast.

Feed and residual use is lowered 10 million bushels to 160 million on reduced supplies. Food use for both 2020/21 and 2021/22 is reduced slightly, based primarily on the latest NASS Flour Milling Products report.

Wheat exports are unchanged but there are offsetting by-class export changes for several classes. Projected 2021/22 ending stocks are reduced 38 million bushels to 627 million and are 26 percent below last year. The projected 2021/22 season-average farm price is raised $0.10 per bushel to $6.70.

 

 

 

 

Source: USDA, StoneX, Reuters

July 2021 USDA Supply & Demand and Crop Production

July USDA Supply & Demand and Crop Production: The biggest USDA surprise is smaller wheat carry out. 

Notice the corn and bean yield estimates released today are unchanged from June.

US wheat production came in at 1.746 billion bushels, down 152 million bushels from last month. U.S. winter wheat production was increased by 55 million bushels, while the initial spring wheat estimate was 114 million bushels lower than the average trade estimate.  

The 2020-21 carryout in corn was reduced 25 million bushels from the last report, while beans were left unchanged. 2021-22 carryout was increased for corn by 75 million bushels. Soybeans were left unchanged. Wheat carryover was reduced by 105 million bushels.

Bullish traders will be disappointed that the USDA did not give us a substantially tightened supply. But as you can see from the ending stocks graphs below, U.S. supplies are still relatively tight, with little room for new business.

Our Buy Signals in corn and winter wheat have proven to be timely.

Source: USDA, StoneX, Reuters

 

 

The USDA estimates the spring wheat yield at 30.7 bushels per acre, down 36.8% from last year.

 

Source: USDA

June 2021 USDA Quarterly Grain Stocks and Acreage

Farmers didn’t plant as many acres as traders wanted. Stocks slightly smaller than expected.

We knew last fall that South America had to raise a bumper crop and that big crop needed to be followed by a U.S. bumper crop. South America did good on raising a record crop of soybeans, but their second crop corn continues to struggle and lose yield.

U.S. farmers needed to make up for some of the world’s short supply by increasing acreage. The USDA told us in March that farmers were not planning on a big enough acreage increase. Today, the USDA confirmed that farmers did not plant as many acres as traders hoped they would.

Now the market’s job is to continue to slow demand and adequately adjust for potential U.S. yield shortfalls. The market also needs to guard against potential U.S. weather worries, such as the drought in the western and northern Corn Belts and excess moisture in central and southern regions.

This once again puts pressure on South America to strive to raise a record large crop next year.

June 2021 USDA Supply & Demand and Crop Production

June 2021 USDA Supply & Demand and Crop Production: Corn supplies tightened, beans did not

The USDA gave the most positive numbers to the corn market in the WASDE report released Thursday. The old crop corn left in the bin is expected to be 75 million bushels less due to exports and another 75 million bushels smaller due to ethanol. The 150 million bushel cut in the old crop stocks estimate cut the beginning stocks for the new year.

The USDA did not change corn acreage or yield estimates for the crop growing in the field. There were no changes in the new crop corn demand estimates. Corn ending stocks for the 2021-22 crop year are expected to total 1.357 billion bushels.

South American corn production was reduced 3.5 million tons to 98.5 million tons, one million tons more than the average trade estimate. Brazilian soybean production is increased 1 million tons from last month. The trade did not expect that number to change. No changes were made to Argentine production estimates.

World corn carryout fell by 2.9 million tons, nearly all due to the lower Brazilian crop. The trade estimate was right in line with the USDA forecast.

U.S. soybean carryover of old crop in the bin was increased 15 million bushels due to reduced crush forecast for 2020-21. New crop U.S. bean production in the field was left unchanged. The carryover for 2021-22 was increased by the same 15 million bushels found in the bin.

World old crop stocks for soybeans were increased 1.45 million tons and the world soybeans for 2021-22 were increased by that same amount.

The U.S. wheat production estimate was increased to 1.898 billion bushels, up 26 million bushels compared to last month, which was almost exactly what the trade expected.

U.S. wheat supplies were raised as higher production more than offset reduced beginning stocks. Increased hard red winter and soft red winter production more than offset the lower white wheat production. The all wheat yield is 50.7 bushels per acre, up 0.7 bushels from last month.

Old crop world wheat stocks were down a little more than a million tons. New crop world wheat stocks were increased by almost 2 million tons.

There were not enough changes in the USDA report to change our opinion about selling on this round of Sell Signals. We are happy to get the extra surge higher in corn today and hope bean prices and wheat prices will give us an opportunity at a Sell Signal next week.

 

Source: USDA, Reuters, StoneX

May 2021 USDA Supply & Demand and Crop Production

May 2021 USDA Supply & Demand and Crop Production: Old crop wheat and new crop corn stocks were both bigger than expected.

Following the USDA reports today, wheat prices immediately slid lower. The corn market traded lower for a little bit but quickly began to recover. The bean market immediately recovered some small losses following the report.

As you can see from the following table, wheat was the only crop that had a bigger carryout estimate for 2020-21 compared to trade estimates and last month’s estimates. The USDA old crop corn carryout estimate was slightly smaller than trade expected, while beans were right on target.

For the first estimate of the 2021-22 new crop year, corn ending stocks at 1.507 billion bushels were larger than traders expected. New crop wheat carryout was also bigger than expected with beans right where the traders thought.

The USDA barely changed 2021-21 world ending stocks for corn, beans, and wheat from their April estimates. That left today’s USDA world corn number considerably larger than traders expected. Beans and wheat were close to what was expected.

For next year, the USDA gave us a considerably bigger world ending stocks estimate for corn than traders expected. The USDA world bean number was about 3 million tons larger than expected and wheat was right on the money.

Brazilian corn production was reduced 7 million tons from last month, about 1 million tons less than traders expected. None of the other South American production numbers changed much.

USDA raised U.S. 2021-22 winter wheat production by 46 million tons compared to last month. The current estimate came in right where traders expected, but wheat prices were pressured as soon as the report came out.

Source: USDA, Reuters, StoneX

April 2021 USDA Supply & Demand and Crop Production

April 2021 USDA Wasde and Crop Production: U.S. corn stocks smaller than expected

The USDA released their April WASDE report today, pegging U.S. corn stocks at 1.325 billion bushels, down from 1.502 billion last month. The average trade estimate had corn stocks 44 million bushels larger.

U.S. bean and wheat stocks came in almost exactly where the trade expected.

World corn and wheat stocks were each down nearly 4 million tons from their March estimates. This drawdown of world feed supplies surprised traders, who expected 1 million more tons of corn and six million tons of wheat. 

Get ready for Sell Signals in corn and wheat next week.

World bean stocks surprised traders the other way. Ending world bean stocks are estimated to be 86.87 million tons, over 3 million tons from last month and the average trade estimate.

Today’s report did not tighten world bean supplies, which will be disappointing to the bulls. Meanwhile, world corn and wheat farmers have fewer bushels expected to be left over at the end of this season.

Notice all the South American crop production estimates, especially beans are bigger than traders expected.

Source: USDA, StoneX, Reuters

Below are the USDA supply demand tables for corn, beans, and wheat. Bean exports were boosted 30 million bushels, while every category of usage increased in corn compared to last month’s estimate.  Click here to see the full WASDE report.

Source: USDA, StoneX, Reuters

March 2021 USDA Quarterly Grain Stocks and Prospective Plantings

Farmers tell USDA, “We are not planting as many corn and bean acres as traders expected.”

The quarterly stocks were slightly smaller than expected for corn and slightly larger on beans and wheat. No surprises in the Stocks report.

Source: USDA, Reuters, StoneX

Although corn acres are up less than 0.5%, four out of the top five states cut corn acres.

 

 

Farmers decided to plant 5.4% more soybeans nationally and increased acres in each of the top five bean states.

The surprise came in the wheat complex, where acreage was up 3.4% from the last estimate and a whopping 8.8% from last year.

The bullishness in today’s reports is a little surprising, since acreage can certainly increase between now and the June report. By boosting the prices, traders will encourage the additional corn and bean acres the marketplace wants.

How about the Buy Signals on soybeans, meal, and wheat this morning?

Our strategy is to make an increment of sales on the next Sell Signal, which should be just around the corner.

Source: All Slides from the USDA Executive Summary

For full USDA reports, click on links below.

Grain Stocks Prospective Plantings

Prospective Plantings

Grain Stocks

 

March 2021 USDA Supply & Demand

USDA leaves U.S. numbers mostly unchanged and tightened world wheat numbers slightly

Traders’ initial reaction to USDA numbers put pressure on corn and beans but boosted wheat prices. As you can see from the tables below, U.S. carryover numbers were unchanged from last month.

World corn and bean carryover numbers were just slightly changed. World wheat carryover declined by 3 million tons.

South American crops were little changed. Brazilian bean production was increased by 1 million tons.

 

Source: USDA, Reuters, StoneX

February 2021 USDA Supply & Demand

The USDA disappointed bullish traders with conservative usage and carryover estimates.

The USDA corn demand estimates might have surprised traders the most. After seeing big business to China in corn and ethanol, traders had allowed their demand ideas to expand beyond the amounts the USDA was comfortable with.

USDA left U.S. ethanol production unchanged, raised corn exports by a measly 50 million bushels, and lowered U.S. corn ending stocks by 50 million bushels, compared to the 160 million bushel reduction traders were expecting. Corn reacted by trading down 10 cents.

U.S. bean carryover was reduced to 120 million bushels compared to the average trade guess of 123 million bushels. There were little changes in U.S. bean usage. U.S. bean exports were increased by 20 million bushels. South American bean and corn production numbers were left unchanged.

All wheat supply demand numbers were left unchanged from last month.

When the smoke cleared traders were left with disappointing U.S. numbers heading into the South American harvest.

Source: USDA, Reuters, StoneX

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